Ferrous Metal Scrap

Ferrous metals are iron and iron-based steel items, and they are magnetic. Examples include scrap iron and steel recovered from old automobiles, farm equipmeaat, household appliances and structural steel.

As you identify and prepare your ferrous metal scrap items for Oscar Winski’s recycling facility, you’ll want to do so according to our processing classifications explained here—the same ones you’ll see on our pricing board when you visit.
 

Click a scrap type to learn more

Baling

Baling

Description:

Baling includes ferrous “sheet metal” materials that are less than 3⁄16-in. thick, allowing us to process it, literally,  into a “bale.”

Examples:

Metal roofing & siding

Fencing (farm fence or chain link fence)

Appliances (stoves, washer/dryers, fridge/freezers, water heaters, furnaces)

Shelving, metal desks, cabinets

Light gauge pipe and conduit

Corrugated metals (culverts, grain bins, etc.)

Automotive panels (doors, hoods, etc.)

Preparation:

These materials should be free of contaminants such as cardboard, insulation, plastic, wood and glass. Otherwise, your material classifies as “shredder” grade, which prices significantly less than baling.

These materials should also be completely free of any fluids, gases or fuels, including water, oil, gas, propane and Freon. 

The one exception of acceptable contaminants is, with appliances, the inner plastic, wiring and insulation. This is acceptable, but they cannot contain fluids or gases (Freon).

Unprepared Iron

Unprepared Iron

Description:

Iron material 3/16-in. thick or thicker, measuring longer than 4 ft. and/or wider than 18 in. This is called “unprepared iron,” because we have to “prepare” it in processing by cutting it up.

Examples:

Structural shapes (angle iron, channels, beams, tubing & pipe)

Iron plate

Farm machinery

Industrial equipment

Heavier walled tanks

Metal assemblies

Preparation:

These items should be free of contaminants, such as cardboard, plastic, wood, glass, batteries, tires, fluids and gases. 

Unacceptable items would be those that present an environmental hazard to our grounds or a danger in processing, such as closed or sealed units or containers with fluids or gases present that can explode.  Any items with strong fuel or gas odors will be rejected. 

Tanks and cylinders will be accepted provided they are empty of contents, have their valves removed, and have an inspection hole cut into them larger enough that the inside can be easily inspected (8” to 12” minimum hole size standard).

Heavy Melt

Heavy Melt (Prepared Iron)

Description:

Iron and steel scrap (black, galvanized or painted) cut to the following dimensions.

• Width and length not to exceed 2 ft. x 5 ft. (the longest measurable length must be less than 5 ft.)

• Thickness to range from 3/16 in. to 4 in. 

Examples:

Essentially, these materials are the same as “unprepared iron,” but they are brought down to size for our processes by disassembling, sawing, mechanical means (shearing) or torching. That’s why we can pay you more for this classification of ferrous compared to “unprepared iron.”

Preparation:

Material must be 100% iron with no nonmetallic attachments or any other contaminants present in the load.

No sealed units can exist within your product. Shocks, cylinders, tanks, vehicle rear ends, gear boxes and any other enclosure must be cut in half or exposed to prevent the collection or trapping of fluids, oxygen or gases that could lead to explosions when melting. 

Machinery Cast

Machinery Cast

Description:

This classification includes agricultural and industrial equipment with bases or components that are heavily compromised of cast product. 

Examples:

Tractor weights (wheel or front end)

Old cultipactors

Industrial drill presses, lathes, milling machines

Cast transfer tables

Industrial lift trucks for their counterweights and other less desirable components. 

Preparation:

Items must be drained of all fluids (water, oil, etc.) and be primarily free of other contaminants. Some lines and hoses can be left on, provided they are not excessive in quantity and the oil reservoirs have been drained and unsealed.

Mixed Cast

Mixed Cast

Description:

This classification includes all grades of cast iron, except “burnt” iron (furnace grates) and chilled steel (white iron). Also, a common mistake is misidentifying ductile iron as cast iron. Ductile iron is considered “unprepared.” It will bend rather than fragment or shatter.

Examples:

Kitchen & bath sinks

Cast tubs

Soil pipe

Radiators and boilers

Small cast valves and other such small items. 

Preparation:

These items must be free of contaminants and cannot have more than 3 to 5 percent (by weight) connected iron attachments.

They cannot contain insulation, asbestos, fire brick or other masonry as part of their construction.

Automotive Cast

Automotive Cast

Description:

Automotive cast iron items free of aluminum and steel attachments (except camshafts, valves and springs).

Examples:

Clean auto blocks (gas engines only)

Intakes

Rotors

Large truck hubs (must be smooth rimmed—all others are steel) 

Preparation:

Items must be free of other iron or nonferrous attachments (other than those explained in the description) and must be free of other contaminants. None can exist as a sealed unit.

Unclean Motor Blocks

Unclean Motor Blocks

Description/Examples:

This classification includes whole gas or diesel engines.

Preparation:

Motor blocks must be free of frame parts, drive shafts and all fluids (oil, water, antifreeze). 

The engines must be free of fluids and have the necessary component parts removed or cut to ensure no fluids are present.

Shredder Feedstock

Shredder Feedstock

Description:

Shredder Feedstock includes items of both ferrous and nonferrous content, provided that no more than 25% of the item is nonrecyclable material (plastic, wood, insulation, etc.). Also, the metal cannot be thicker than 1/2 in.

Examples:

Mowers and other lawn equipment

Bicycles, motorcycles and scooters (with tires removed)

Snow mobiles (with tracks removed)

Baling-grade items not properly prepared for baling

Preparation:

Some fiber glass and plastic is acceptable, as long as the amount does not exceed 25% of the item’s content. Make sure your items are drained of all fluids and free of any environmentally harmful chemicals or other agents. 

No explosive material or glass is accepted. No e-waste (TVs, computers, microwaves), gas pumps, closed cylinders or sealed units are accepted either.

Machine Shop Turnings

Machine Shop Turnings

Description/Examples:

This classification includes clean steel or iron turnings (mixed, crushed or spinnings) free of cast iron borings, nonferrous materials, scale and excessive oil. 

Preparation:

Turnings brought to OWC for recycling may not include heavily rusted or corroded material. Furthermore, they cannot be condensed into solids or large masses or clumps that are unmanageable.

Unprepared Rebar

Unprepared Rebar

Description:

Random lengths of rebar of any diameter or length are acceptable as long as they are clean and not processed or handled in such a manner that they have become one “tangled ball of rebar.” In other words, the rods must be easily separable. 

Preparation:

Demolition-origin rebar must be free of contaminants (concrete, wood, etc.) and the rods must be relatively independent of one another and easily separable. Bare, painted and epoxy-coated rods are all acceptable. Any appreciable amount of rebar must be kept separate from other grades of scrap.

Prepared Rebar

Prepared Rebar

Description:

“Prepared” rebar is that which is brought to us in a state that eliminates some processing at our facility. This means any diameter of rebar that is cut to lengths of less than 5 ft. It can include coated (epoxy finish) or uncoated rebar.

Preparation

Bends and circles are accepted, as long as they can remain tangle-free during material handling. Rebar must be free of contaminants and appreciable amounts kept independent of other grades of scrap.